How to deal with ageing eyes

As we age, our eyes age with us. This can bring a number of sight issues to the fore. Luckily, however, there are options available to correct such vision problems.

Dr Ella G. Faktorovich addressed the issue in the San Francisco Chronicle recently. She explained how the lenses inside the eyes become more rigid as they grow older and how this can make it difficult to look at things up close, making reading harder than it was before.

Surgery is not necessary. Dr Faktorovich explained that people can wear contact lenses to solve this problem, wether monovision or bifocal ones. Monovision contact lenses involve wearing one lens for distance viewing and one for focusing on things up close.

However, you may also be able to have your eyes” natural lenses replaced in a refractive lens exchange procedure, correcting near and far focusing.

It is known that dry eyes become more likely as one grows older. NHS Direct gives information on this, explaining that, while it is a common ailment, people over 60 are more likely to develop it. Furthermore, women are more susceptible to it than men.

The complaint can vary in its severity. While it does not usually cause serious harm, NHS Direct warns that it is possible to suffer eye scarring if the case is extremely bad and is not treated. Dry eyes cannot be cured but they can be relieved through the use of drops. It may even be possible that surgery is needed, but this is unusual.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is another issue. The Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) notes that while it is a common cause of sight loss, it is very rare that it leads to total blindness.

Although it is an age-related ailment, there are still measures one can take to protect against it. The RNIB explains that several studies have suggested it is linked to smoking, too much exposure to the sun and poor nutrition.

In addition, women are more likely to suffer from it and it seems that it may also be genetically inherited.

Glaucoma is another condition to watch out for.

The International Glaucoma Association (IGA) says that around two per cent of people over 40 suffer from it in some form and that children and younger people can get it, though it is more likely to occur in older people.

In addition, the IGA explains that glaucoma is at least partly responsible for 13 per cent of people who are registered blind in England and Wales as well as being the greatest reason for preventable blindness within the UK.

Early detection can be crucial to identifying it before it becomes too serious.

Having regular eye tests is an important aspect of eye healthcare, regardless of one”s age.

According to the RNIB”s poll of 5,000 people over 60, 47 per cent were not having their eyes tested every year. This increases the risks of their developing age-related eye conditions without realising it until it is too late.

Barbara McLaughlan, author of the report, urged people not to wait for symptoms to appear before they go for tests and stated: “Age is the highest risk factor in developing some of the most common eye conditions (AMD, glaucoma and cataracts) that can lead to blindness.

“By the time we”re 60, one in 12 of us will have developed a sight problem, by the time we are 75 it is as many as one in six.”

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Just a Thought

Just a Thought


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Blind man sees light with bionic eye!

Blind man sees light with bionic eye!



A bionic eye is giving a sightless man glimpses of light, it has been reported.

The man, identified only as Ron, went blind 30 years ago due to retinitis pigmentosa, which damaged his retinas.

But after undergoing surgery at Moorfield”s eye hospital in London, Ron says he is beginning to see light.

He told the BBC he could differentiate between white, black and grey socks and declared: “Suddenly to be able to see light again is truly wonderful.”

His bionic eye, the creation of American firm Second Sight, uses sunglasses with a camera and video processor.

Images are passed to a receiver which subsequently moves them to electrodes on his retina, which can then make use of his optic nerve.

Lyndon da Cruz, who performed the surgery, told the BBC that more testing is needed but said he was “very encouraged”.

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Can Contact Lenses Fall Out Your Eye?


Can Contact Lenses fall out of your eyes?


With normal use, contact lenses will stay firmly in position. Soft contact lenses are particularly stable, and are unlikely to dislodge, even doing active sports.


However, they can come out under certain conditions. High winds can cause the eyes to water and cause the lens to move more, increasing the chance of lens loss. A sharp blow to the head may dislodge rigid gas permeable lenses. And rubbing your eye carelessly may result in a lost lens.


Describe to your eye care practitioner all of the circumstances in which you are likely to wear your contact lenses. This will help him or her prescribe a type of lens that is less likely to be dislodged given your activities.


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Another Win For Science And Eyesight

Another Win For Science And Eyesight


People who have suffered damage to their eyesight due to exposure to bright lights may be able to have their vision restored using infrared light.

Research carried out in Australia on rats found that eye damage was reduced with exposure to infrared light.

But clinical trials will be needed to find out whether the treatment would also work on humans, ScienceAlert reported.

Dr Krisztina Valter of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Vision Science (ACEVS) and the Australian National University said that such damage could be caused to anyone who lives in areas with bright light or whose work exposes them to it.

The theory, explained by Dr Valter, is that infrared prompts more activity from enzymes in cells which enable the production of more energy.

As a result, oxygen stress caused by overexposure to bright light can be countered.

The ACEVS co-ordinates research going on in several Australian universities.

These are the universities of Sydney, Queensland and Western Australia, as well as the Australian National University.

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Link between eye problems and lack of sleep, says study


Link between eye problems and lack of sleep, says study


A sleep disorder could not only make people tired in mind and body – it can affect their vision too, according to new analysis.

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is linked to high blood pressure, which in turn can affect the complex vascular system of the eye.

Examination of the results of several studies has led pulmonologist and sleep specialist Dr E Andrew Waller from the Mayo Clinic to draw up a list of eye complaints potentially caused by OSA.

These include floppy eyelid syndrome, glaucoma, non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and papilledema.

Mr Waller said: “The mechanisms that link these disorders is minimal.

“However, the recognition of these associations is important for primary care physicians, ophthalmologists and sleep physicians.”

He went on to say patients suffering from OSA should get regular eye examinations to monitor the potential onset of glaucoma.

People with OSA may find they wake several times during the night. The condition affects twice as many men than women.

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How to Protect Kids Eyes This Summer



Ways to make sure children’s eyes are protected during the summer has been given by an American vision clinic.

The advice was given by the Vision Centre at the Children”s Hospital in Los Angeles.

As well as making sure children wear sunglasses, they should also make sure their eyes are protected if they play ball games.

Goggles should be worn if children play games such as tennis or baseball, according to the American Academy of Opthalmology.

In addition, goggles might be worn while swimming and the chlorine level should be checked.

It ought to be high enough to kill bacteria but not so strong as to irritate eyes.

Furthermore, if sand enters a child”s eyes, it should be washed out immediately with clean running water and the more tears produced, the better.

The child should not rub his or her eyes if this happens.



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Close-Up Pictures of Eye’s

Close-Up Pictures of Eye’s


When you think of an eyeball, you probably think of a smooth marble-like sphere.

But these remarkable pictures seem less like a part of human anatomy and more like pitted cratered landscapes.

They show the complex and intricate textures hidden within the iris that give our eyes our unique and enchanting character



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Computer games may improve sight

Computer games may improve sight


Adults who play action computer games may be able to improve a part of their vision known as contrast sensitivity, it has been found.
Researchers at the University of Rochester in the US looked at experts playing computer games that involved firing at targets.

According to the findings, which were published in Nature Neuroscience, the players had superior contract sensitivity to those who played other sorts of video games.
When the latter group played action games, their contrast sensitivity also got better, with improvements maintained for several months and, for some people, a matter of years.

Playing the action games made people better able to detect changes in shades of grey, even very subtle ones.
Another recent US study, reported by the Daily Express, found a link between use of mobile phones and computer games and visual-spatial skills in 12-year-olds.

Michigan State University”s research was part of a three-year scheme to look at how technology affects children in areas such as school and socialising.

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